Headache, nausea, weakness, confusion or lack of energy are typical symptoms of low sodium, also called hyponatremia. About 40% of the body’s sodium is contained in bone, some is found within organs and cells and the remaining … Sodium channels are known to be less selective in comparison to potassium channels. 1 Potassium is found in vegetables, fruit, seafood, and dairy products. Sodium is an electrolyte that helps regulate blood pressure and fluid levels in your body; it also plays a role in the normal function of nerves and muscles. People with low levels of thyroid hormones may also experience low blood sodium levels. Food Sources. The body uses sodium to control blood pressure and blood volume. When sodium consumption and loss are not in balance, the total amount of sodium in the body … The chemical notation for sodium is Na+. If the body doesn’t have a sufficient amount of calcium within the blood to balance out the excess sodium, it pulls what it needs from the body’s reservoir which is the skeleton. Sodium is a mineral which possesses potent anti-catabolic properties, helping to minimize the effect of the stress hormone cortisol on the body. Since sodium levels are so critical to so many chemical reactions in your body, the amount of sodium you eat or drink has important implications for your health. Sodium is an essential mineral to your body. Sodium makes up 40 percent of salt. When the sodium levels fall below the normal level of 135 mEq/L, it is known that your body has low sodium levels. Sodium is particularly important for nerve and muscle function. Individual differences in sweat sodium losses Sweating is the main way athletes lose sodium and fluids during exercise. This is because the body uses calcium along with other minerals housed within our bones to properly balance out the levels of sodium in the blood. High sodium consumption can raise blood pressure, and high blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. 1 Most of the sodium we consume is in the form of salt. The condition is known as hyponatremia. If you have high blood pressure, then reduce your sodium intake to 1500mg per day . Salt is a mineral that carries an electrical charge, called an electrolyte. Sodium Function in Human Body Nerve, Muscle Function. Many processes in the body, especially in the brain, nervous system, and muscles, require electrical signals for communication. Because of this, sodium bicarbonate is often used to treat conditions caused by high acidity in the body, such as heartburn. Sodium is one of the many important electrolytes in the body. The body obtains sodium through food and drink and loses it primarily in sweat and urine. Amount Of Sodium in Salt . It helps regulate blood pressure and is needed for proper muscle and nerve cell functioning. It controls the volume of fluid in the body and helps maintain the acid-base level. Hormonal changes such as an adrenal gland insufficiency can affect the body's ability to produce hormones that maintain a healthy level of water, potassium and sodium, thus lowering the blood's sodium level, states Mayo Clinic. Sodium is a mineral that your body must have in order to function properly. Sodium is an electrolyte, and it helps regulating the amount of water that is transporting in your body. It’s also referred to as Na+. Because your body can’t produce or store it beyond a certain point, you need to consume sodium every day to keep your levels topped up. The too much sodium symptoms like sweating, nausea, may help you identify any grave problem and prevents from high Sodium Side Effects. Controlling The Fluids Balance . When sodium is combined with chloride, the resulting substance is a crystal called table salt. Perhaps, that is the reason why most foods contain sodium. For most adults, sodium intake should be limited to 1500mg to 2300mg per day. The human body requires a small amount of sodium to conduct nerve impulses, contract and relax muscles, and maintain the proper balance of water and minerals. Too much sodium or Hypernatremia simply means increased levels of sodium in the blood. The body needs a small amount of sodium to function, but most Americans consume too much sodium. Sodium is a mineral element which is an important part of the human body. You can help bring your body back into balance by eating foods high in potassium. 3. This is why people that consume low sodium diets typically report greater difficulty in getting to sleep and staying asleep. The sodium level is said to be normal in the body when its concentration lies between 135 and 145 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L). Sodium can help in sending a signal between cells, and it can help manage the fluid in your body. It is because of this that the blood pressure levels in the body are stabilized. Excess dietary sodium is largely excreted in the urine, but too much salt in the diet tends to increase the blood pressure. A decrease in blood sodium concentration, also called hyponatremia, can cause seizures, while low potassium levels in the bloodstream, or hypokalemia, can lead to heart problems. The body needs salt, but too much or too little can cause problems. Sodium occurs naturally in most foods. But too much sodium in the diet can lead to high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. Sodium is found in dietary compounds such as sodium chloride (table salt) and sodium bicarbonate (baking soda). However, a person can get high blood pressure by consuming too much sodium and not enough potassium. When the levels of sodium in the blood go down, you have to face a lot of problems. 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