[63][109], The Garuda Purana, that refers to the Bhagavata Purana, alludes to the curse in the Hiranyaksha tale. [13], Arthur Anthony Macdonell traces the origins of the Varaha legend to two verses (1.61.7 and 8.66.10) of the Rigveda, the oldest Veda. [3] The word varaha is found in Rigveda, for example, in its verses such as 1.88.5, 8.77.10 and 10.28.4 where it means "wild boar". as can be obtained by donating to a Brahmin a healthy cow. He is large as a mountain and blazing like the sun. [182] Whether in the zoomorphic form or the anthropomorphic form, the victorious hero Varaha is accompanied by sages and saints of Hinduism, all gods including Shiva and Brahma. Includes legends about Brahma and Saraswati. Shasti . Shani Mantra In all the three types of puranas, ... Varaha Purana (Adhyaya 112, Shlokas 74-77) The guards had no choice but to agree to this. [24][11], According to J. L. Brockington, there are two distinct boar mythologies in Vedic literature. The exact time of the assembly of the written texts does not define in the Puranas. The Venkatacala Mahatmya states that Varaha placed beneath the earth the world elephants, the serpent Shesha and the world turtle as support. [2][5], The word also means "rain cloud" and is symbolic in some Rigvedic hymns, such as Vedic deity Vritra being called a varaha in Rigvedic verses 1.61.7 and 10.99.6, and Soma's epithet being a varaha in 10.97.7. [79] The Linga Purana and the Kurma Purana narrate that the daitya (demon; lit. Guards pleaded them but Lord Brahma’s son wouldn’t listen. Lakshmi Mantra [223] The Padma Purana narrates that Brahma organizes a great sacrifice in Pushkar for the benefit of the universe. [16] The Gupta era (4th–6th century) in Central India temples and archaeological sites have yielded a large number of Varaha sculptures and inscriptions; signifying cult worship of the deity in this period. Shiva Purana. Jyotirlinga Temples Padma Purana. I have been fortunate to have a divine glimpse of this Purush. Both communities take the utsava murti (festival image) in procession in the annual temple festival in the Tamil month of Masi (February–March). Just as the Vedas they also supposed to be existed in some oral form and told by sages to sages or pupil before being written. [175][182][173] The sculpture typically show the symbolic scene of the return of Varaha after he had successfully killed the oppressive demon Hiranyaksha, found and rescued goddess earth (Prithivi, Bhudevi), and the goddess is back safely. The position and size of the tusks may also be altered. Wilson as a preface to his book, The Visnu Purana, published in London in 1840. The region is called Adi-Varaha Kshestra, the abode of Varaha. Varaha's shakti (energy or consort) is the Matrika (mother goddess) Varahi, who is depicted with a boar head like the god. Lord Vishnu lived in Vaikunta. [191], In royal depictions of Varaha, the icon is interpreted to allude to the Rajasuya sacrifice for royal consecration or Ashvamedha sacrifice to establish to establish sovereignty. [183] The Gurjara-Pratihara king Mihira Bhoja (836–885 CE) assumed the title of Adi-varaha and also minted coins depicting the Varaha image. Further, Narakasura (also called Bhauma) was born to the earth due to her contact with Varaha. [16] Other temples dedicated to Varaha are located across India in the states of Andhra Pradesh (including Varaha Lakshmi Narasimha temple, Simhachalam dedicated to a combined form of Varaha and Narasimha), in Haryana Pradesh at Baraha Kalan,[228] and Lakshmi Varaha Temple, in Karnataka at Maravanthe and Kallahalli, Panniyur Sri Varahamurthy Temple in Kerala, in Majholi, Madhya Pradesh, in Odisha at Lakshmi Varaha Temple, Aul, in Tamil Nadu and in Uttar Pradesh. The one-syllabed mantra hum for Varaha is also noted. Om Shanti, Shanti, Shanti! The demon threw his mace at the boar but the boar stepped aside and raised his mace. He started harassing devtas and invaded Indra’s palace. [58][97], The Agni Purana mentions the obliteration of the demon Hiranyaksha as Varaha's main purpose. 9. Having lost the mace, Hiranyaksha began hitting out with his fists on the chest of the boar. Early sculptors in Udayagiri and Eran faced the issue of how to attach the boar head to the human body and did not show a human neck. Arupadaiveedu - Murugan Temple [21] In the scripture, the god Rudra is called the "boar of the sky". Catuh-sloki : The four summary verses of the Bhagavad-Gita - The four verses of Chapter 10.8 to 11, famously called as Catuh-sloki are known as the summary … [11][28][29], The Taittiriya Aranyaka (10.1.8) states the earth is lifted by a "black boar with hundred arms". Shiva appears in the place of linga and enlightens them that he is the Supreme Being. [158][175][182][181][176][193] He is the protector of the innocent goddess and the weak who have been imprisoned by the demonic forces. [72][73][74] The Brahmanda Purana describes that acquiring the boar form composed of Vedic sacrifices, he plunges in waters, finding the earth in the subterranean realm. [122], The Vishnu Purana, the Brahma Purana and the Bhagavata Purana, in the episode of the killing of the demon Narakasura by Krishna avatar of Vishnu, mentions that he was the son of Varaha and the earth goddess Bhudevi. Wilson speculates that the legend may be an allusion to a deluge or evolution of "lacustrine" mammals in the earth's early history. [225][226], Another pilgrimage place where Varaha resides is mentioned in the Brahma Purana near Vaitarana river and Near Brahmagiri hill in Trimbak, Varaha washed his blood-stained hands in the river Ganga (identified with the Godavari alias Gautami river); the water collected forms the sacred pond called Varaha-tirtha or Varaha-kunda. Varaha may be depicted as completely a boar or in an anthropomorphic form, with a boar's head and the human body. [138][139][137] In two other instances in the Garuda Purana, Varaha is mentioned as third of the classical Dashavatara. Panchangam Contains the story of Lord Trivikrama. Manu got his earth back and the Gods got back their heaven. It was built in the late 16th century by Krishnappa II, a Thanjavur Nayak ruler. He reached the other end of the ocean and discovered in its depths Bhoomidevi (Mother Earth). In this avatar Lord Vishnu incarnated as a Boar to protect the earth [Prithvi]. [63][108] Blessed by Brahma, the king of daityas Hiranyaksha became powerful and conquered the universe. The worship of Varaha and overnight vigil (jagran) with Vishnu tales being told are prescribed on this day. [65][16][66][67][68][69][70][52][71], Early texts like the Brahmanda Purana and the Vayu Purana build up on the Taittiriya Brahmana Vedic cosmogonic concept of Yajna-varaha (Varaha as sacrifice). [200] A shorter mantra "Om bhu varahay namah" is also given for gaining peosperity. He lifts the earth with the tusks and annihilates the demon; then places the four world elephants to support the earth and settles in Srimushnam. The Varaha Purana is a Sanskrit text from the Puranas genre of literature in Hinduism. Hinduism They produce various deities. Then, he performs the rites of Shraddha by performing libations and pindas to the Pitrs with the Earth acting as Chaya - his consort in the rituals. The Purana is in the form of a conversation between Varaha, the Boar-incarnation of Lord Visnu, and Dharanl, the Earth held up by him in his tusk, as given by Suta, the mythological narrator. Along with Brahma, the creator and Shiva, the destroyer, Lord Vishnu is one of the three main male deities in Hinduism and they are together known as the TRIMURTI. Vishnu becomes Varaha (identified with Sacrifice) and slaughters the demon army by trashing them by his snout, piercing by tusks and kicking by his legs. The Purana is devoted more to the "myths and genealogies" connected to the worship of Vishnu. After engaging in a fierce mace-battle, Varaha finally beheads the demon with his discus. [36][37], The Puranas complete the full transition of Varaha from the form of Prajapati-Brahma to the avatar of Narayana-Vishnu. The Vedic group of Angirases are called varahas or collectively a varahavah. Varaha is originally described as a form of Prajapati (equated with Brahma), but on evolved into the avatar of Vishnu in later Hindu scriptures. Foreword Brahma Sutras (maxims or dictums about Brahma) comprise four Adhyaayas or Chapters, sixteen Padas or Sections, two hundred twenty three Adhikaranas or Topics and five hundred fifty five Sutras. The Friendly Treatises Eighteen Puranas Ten Avataras And Their Purpose Lilas of Lord Siva. Varaha is prescribed to be worshipped for ucchatana (eradication) of foes, ghosts, poison, disease and "evil planets". [192] The Varaha icon describes the role of a warrior king, rescuing goddess earth (kingdom) from a demon who kidnaps her, torments her and the inhabitants. The most celebrated and popular of the Puranas, telling of Vishnu's ten Avatars. The deity Varaha derives its name from the Sanskrit word varaha (Devanagari: वराह, varāha) meaning "boar" or "wild boar". [147], Another legend in the minor Purana named Kalika Purana also depicts the sectarian conflicts between the Vaishnava followers of Vishnu and the Shaiva sect of Shiva. The defeated demon may be depicted trampled under Varaha's feet or being killed in combat by Varaha. He slew the demons and recovered the sacrifice holding it in his mouth (mukha), thus sacrifice known as makha. Krishna Mantra, In order to pass the CAPTCHA please enable JavaScript, Shakti Peetha – The Holy Abodes of Shakti, Hindu Names – 108 Names of Gods and Godesses, Collection of Aartis – Hindu Gods and Goddesses, Lord Vishnu Mantras & Slokas – In Sanskrit, English with Meaning, Benefits, Vaikunta was guarded by two gatekeepers, Jaya and Vijaya, A Conversation Between Brahma and 12 Saadhya Ganaas, Excerpts from Scriptures on Lakshmi Devi, Saraswati, Durga and Gayatri. [58][59] In the Matsya Purana and the Harivamsa, at the beginning of a kalpa, Vishnu creates various worlds from the cosmic golden egg. 2. The Puranas are of the same class as the Itihasas (the Ramayana, Mahabharata, etc.). [16][173] By the 10th century, temples dedicated to Varaha were established in Khajuraho (existent, but worship has ceased), Udaipur, Jhansi (now in ruins) etc. His success is cheered by a galaxy of the divine as well as human characters valued and revered in the 4th-century. They say that Varaha, "the lord of sacrifices", rescued the earth from the netherworld or the waters. Markandeya Purana begins with a question put forth by sage Jaimini. As Brahma meditated to Lord Vishnu, a tiny Boar fell from his nostrils. Vaman Puran is said to be His Skin Kurma Puran is said to be His Back Matsya Puran is said to be His Stomach Garuda Puran is said to be His Bone-narrow Brahmanda Puran is said to be His Bone. Kurma Puran 15. 12) Brahma Purana – 10,000 verses. Ganesh Mantra PRAKRITI AND PURUSH Once, Lord Shiva while describing about the incident when he had a divine glimpse of Lord Narayan, told Sage Agastya — ‘Purusha’ is none other than Lord Narayan himself and Prakriti is the medium through which he manifests his powers. Spiritual Gurus [36][59] Another late insertion describes Vishnu lifting the earth as well as defeating all the danavas (demons). Summary of Srimad Bhagavata Purana. Surya Mantra Its contents in brief are as follows:- Mangala charan: Praying of Narayana by Prithvi (earth). Tale of the creation. They knew that Lord Vishnu’s time was precious and could not be wasted. [166], In the zoomorphic form, Varaha is often depicted as a free-standing boar colossus, for example, the monolithic sculpture of Varaha in Khajuraho (c. 900-925) made in sandstone, is 2.6 metres (8 ft 6 in) long and 1.7 metres (5 ft 7 in) high. The most famous of the Puranas are the Vishnu-Purana and the Bhagavata-Purana. Goddess Durga Temples The earth goddess is seated on his left lap. [194] In the context of agriculture, Roy associates Varaha with the cloud, referring the Vedic etymology of varaha and similar to the Germanic association of the pig with "cloud, thunder and storm". Narada Purana. Varaha Purana 10. Varaha be depicted standing in the combative alidha pose (With a leg held straight and the other leg bent a little) on the four-armed serpent Shesha with folded arms. Shiva Sthalams Mandara with the giant serpent Vasuki (or Ananta) as a turning rope; one end to be pulled by Demons and the other by the gods. Markandeya Purana. [129][130], The Linga Purana mentions that Vishnu takes the avatars due to a curse by the sage Bhrigu. The gods go to Varaha to abandon his boar form. Matsya Puran 9. Bhagavata Purana 3. Temple construction; describes Vamana and Varaha Kalpas. He saw a lotus leaf and took the form of a boar to explore under it. The epithet Kapindra ("Kapi-Lord") may refer to Varaha or Rama avatar, depending the interpretation of the word kapi as boar or monkey respectively. In another form, he is depicted with the earth goddess on his left elbow and the serpent Shesha at his feet. SHOW ALL. [16] Two other avatars of Vishnu - Matsya (the fish) and Kurma (the tortoise) were also equated with Prajapati, before being described as forms of Vishnu in later traditions. The oldest Purana is the Vayu-Purana. The Varaha avatar starts with the Doorkeepers of Lord Vishnu. Now Brahma warned Vishnu, “You’ve only an hour before the sunset. His mouth is the altar, the tongue is the sacrificial fire. He may also be depicted hurling the chakra at Hiranyaksha or raising a spear at the demon. Catuh-sloki : The four summary verses of the Bhagavad-Gita - The four verses of Chapter 10.8 to 11, famously called as Catuh-sloki are known as the summary verses of Bhagavad-gita. I) Preface The present Volume contains the Varaha Purana Part I (Chapters 1-136) in English Translation. [174][175], The Udayagiri Varaha panel is an example of an elaborate depiction of Varaha legend. It contains the tale of rescue of the earth by ‘Varaha’ avtaar (boar incarnation) of Lord Vishnu. [146] This tale is iconographically depicted in the Lingodbhava icon of Shiva as emerging from a cosmic pillar, while Vishnu as Varaha is seen at the base going down and Brahma as a swan flying at the top. The boar, as the cloud, ends the demon of summer or drought. Later, he uplifts the earth from the netherworld and restores her to her original position. The god Prajapati (equated with Brahma) in the form of a boar (varaha) plunges into the waters and brings the earth out. Varaha destroys with the discus, the demon horde created by the demon's magic; finally slaying Hiranyaksha hitting him with his foreleg after the thousand-year battle. Besides Khajuraho, such sculptures are found in Eran, Muradpur, Badoh, Gwalior, Jhansi and Apasadh. [164], The Narada Purana recommends Varaha be pictured as golden in complexion, having the earth on his white tusks and holding an iron-club, a conch, a discus, a sword, a javelin in his hands and making the abhayamudra (hand gesture of assurance). TORRENT download. Varaha is referred to yajna-varaha ("sacrifice boar") in some instances. Rashi Mantra Varaha Purana. Similarly, the Sharabha form of Shiva offset Narasimha, the lion-man avatar of Vishnu. The hair on his head denotes the sacrificial grass. In the Atri Samhita (Samurtarchanadhikara), Varaha is described to be worshipped in three forms here: Adi Varaha, Pralaya Varaha and Yajna Varaha. [21][12], The Taittiriya Samhita (6.2.4) mentions that the boar, "the plunderer of wealth", hides the riches of the asuras, beyond the seven hills. He can depicted in battle surrounded by demons or zoomorphically as boar supporting the earth. The demons attack the Pitrs, who hides under a slab in the Koka river. Varaha Purana. Some manuscripts of the epic expand the list to the classical ten Dashavatar list; with Varaha listed as third or fourth pradurbhava. Padma Purana 15. Once, the Pitrs lust for Urja (also known as Svadha and Koka), the daughter of the moon-god Chandra. Agni Purana. The Shatapatha Brahmana calls the boar as Emusha, which Keith relates to the boar's epithet emusha in the Rigveda. Vishnu Purana. Seeing this Hiranyaksha gave a chase, but the boar didn’t even looked back. [41] The Vayu Purana says that Brahma roams as the wind in the waters, which is interpreted as allusion to the Vedic Taittiriya Brahmana version. The Varaha Purana (Sanskrit: वराह पुराण, Varāha Purāṇa) is a Sanskrit text from the Puranas genre of literature. – Jajpur", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Varaha&oldid=993631104, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 17:00. [9][10], The origin of Varaha is found in the Vedas, the oldest Hindu scriptures. Composed in west India, by people aware of geographical details of the tusks may also wear vanamala! Khajuraho, such sculptures are found in Hindu texts 1: HYMN CXXI current is! Be seated on his head and the sky cracked when he walked and the Narada Purana also narrates the! ( voluntary and obligatory ) is referred to yajna-varaha ( `` horned )... Was, it grew and grew till it was called the earth, personified the! 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Hiranyaksha gave a chase, but the boar, as the Itihasas ( the Ramayana,,... ; with Varaha over his head and the earth conquered by me because I have granted him boon! A tribal chief called Vasu follows the boar Emusha he can depicted in meditative posture the.