The 1934 congressional elections broke tradition and resulted in the Democrats actually increasing their numbers in the House and the Senate. The Second New Deal is a term used by contemporary commentators and historians to characterize the second stage, 1935–36, of the New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. In his “End Poverty in California” program, Sinclair called for a progressive income tax, a pension program for the elderly, and state seizure of factories and farms where property taxes remained unpaid. It is worth noting that some elements of these reforms were pulled from Roosevelt detractors Coughlin and Townsend; the popularity of their movements gave the president more leverage to push forward this type of legislation. While many people supported Roosevelt, especially in the first few years of his presidency, the New Deal did receive significant criticism, both from conservatives who felt that it was a radical agenda to ruin the country’s model of free enterprise, and from liberals who felt that it did not provide enough help to those who needed it most. Still, he entered his new term with the unequivocal support of the voting public, and he wasted no time beginning the second phase of his economic plan. The Social Security Act established programs intended to help the most vulnerable: the elderly, the unemployed, the disabled, and the young. Many would also agree that the postwar economic stability of the 1950s found its roots in the stabilizing influences introduced by social security, the job stability that union contracts provided, and federal housing mortgage programs introduced in the New Deal. Why were Roosevelt’s programs unsuccessful in the alleviation of their adversities? Industrialists and wealthy Americans led the conservative criticism against the president. WPA (Works Progress Administration) employed 8.5 million Americans on public-works projects. The Second New Deal | US History II (OS Collection) Sale For Today Only at Still, he entered his new term with the unequivocal support of the voting public, and he wasted no time beginning the second phase of his economic plan. Herbert Hoover on the Great Depression and New Deal, 1931–1933 | The stock market crashed on Thursday, October 24, 1929, less than eight months into Herbert Hoover’s presidency. The biggest threat to the president, however, came from corrupt but beloved Louisiana senator Huey “Kingfish” Long. Although the re-establishment of communal tribal lands would prove to be difficult, Collier used this law to convince federal officials to return nearly two million acres of government-held land to various tribes in order to move the process along. Concerned that other programs would also be eliminated, FDR launched the second round of New Deal programs. Among the few, but notable, women who directly impacted Roosevelt’s policies was Frances Perkins, who as Secretary of Labor was the first female member of any presidential cabinet, and First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, who was a strong and public advocate for social causes. By Uncategorized 0 Comments. Following passage of the law, Lewis began a widespread publicity campaign urging industrial workers to join “the president’s union.” The relationship was mutually beneficial to Roosevelt, who subsequently received the endorsement of Lewis’s United Mine Workers union in the 1936 presidential election, along with a sizeable $500,000 campaign contribution. Business also celebrated the NRA rul… After leaving her post as head of the Women’s Division of the Democratic Party, Molly Dewson (a) later accepted an appointment to the Social Security Board, working with fellow board members Arthur J. Altmeyer and George E. Bigge, shown here in 1937. Lv 4. the New Deal, and who opposed it. By the close of the CCC in 1938, this program had employed over 300,000 African Americans, increasing the black percentage of its workforce from 3 percent at the outset to nearly 11 percent at its close. It laid the groundwork for an agenda of expanded federal government influence over the economy that continued through President Harry Truman’s “Fair Deal” in the 1950s and President Lyndon Johnson’s call for a “Great Society” in the 1960s. Relief meant that the government was taking immediate action. Breadlines began to build again, while banks prepared to close. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. Roosevelt was not as successful in addressing the nation’s growing deficit. However, although he never received the support to make these changes, Roosevelt appeared to succeed in politically intimidating the current justices into supporting his newer programs, and they upheld both the Wagner Act and the Social Security Act. For women, Roosevelt’s policies and practices had a similarly mixed effect. Roosevelt was unaware that the war would soon dominate his legacy, but this proved to be his last major piece of economic legislation in a presidency that changed the fabric of the country forever. In retrospect, the majority of historians and economists judge it to have been a tremendous success. While the First New Deal focused largely on stemming the immediate suffering of the American people, the Second New Deal put in place legislation that changed America’s social safety net for good. 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